Terlux® 2802 is a standard injection molding grade based on a MABS polymer. Terlux® 2802 offers an unique combination of properties, such as a balanced stiffness/toughness ratio and the high transparency well known in SAN molding compositions.
- Excellent transparency
- Good resistance to chemicals
- Good stiffness and surface finish
- High impact strength
- Cosmetic packaging
- Toys, sport and leisure
Properties of Terlux 2802
Property, Test Condition Standard Unit Values Rheological Properties Melt Volume Rate 220 °C/10 kg ISO 1133 cm³/10 min 2 Melt Volume Rate, 220 °C/21.6 kg ISO 1133 cm³/10 min 17 Mechanical Properties Charpy Notched Impact Strength, 23° C ISO 179/1eA kJ/m² 5 Charpy Notched Impact Strength, -30 °C ISO 179/1eA kJ/m² 2 Charpy Unnotched, 23 °C ISO 179/1eU kJ/m² 120 Charpy Unnotched, -30 °C ISO 179/1eU kJ/m² 80 Tensile Stress at Yield, 23 °C ISO 527 MPa 48 Tensile Strain at Yield, 23 °C ISO 527 % 4 Tensile Modulus ISO 527 MPa 2000 Tensile Creep Modulus (1000h) ISO 899 MPa 1250 Nominal Strain at Break, 23 °C ISO 527 % 12 Flexural Strength, 23 °C ISO 178 MPa 70 Hardness, Ball Indentation ISO 2039-1 MPa 70 Thermal Properties Vicat Softening Temperature VST/B/50 (50N, 50 °C/h) ISO 306 °C 93 Vicat Softening Temperature, VST/A/50 (10N, 50 °C/h) ISO 306 °C 105 Heat Deflection Temperature A; (annealed 4 h/80 °C; 1.8 MPa) ISO 75 °C 90 Heat Deflection Temperature B; (annealed 4 h/80 °C; 0.45 MPa) ISO 75 °C 94 Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion ISO 11359 10-6/°C 80 - 110 Thermal Conductivity DIN 52612-1 W/(m K) 0.17 Electrical Properties Dielectric Constant (100 Hz) IEC 62631-2-1 - 2.9 Dissipation Factor (100 Hz) IEC 62631-2-1 10-4 160 Dissipation Factor (1 MHz) IEC 62631-2-1 10-4 140 Volume Resistivity IEC 62631-3-1 Ω*m 1013 Surface Resistivity IEC 62631-3-1 Ω 1015 Optical Properties Refractive Index, Sodium D Line ISO 489 - 1.54 Other Properties Density ISO 1183 kg/m³ 1080 Bulk Density (with external lubricant) - kg/m³ 590 Water Absorption, Saturated at 23 °C ISO 62 % 0.7 Processing Linear Mold Shrinkage ISO 294-4 % 0.4 - 0.7 Mold Temperature Range ISO 294 °C 50 - 75 Injection Velocity ISO 294 mm/s 200 Drying Temperature - °C 70 Drying Time - h 2
Typical values for uncolored products
Processing of Terlux 2802
Terlux® (MABS) is primarily processed through injection molding, but any process suitable for thermoplastic molding compositions may also be used.
Terlux pellets can absorb small amounts of moisture under adverse conditions of storage or transport. This can cause surface defects to arise during processing, taking the form of streaks, lines or bubbles. We therefore recommend that Terlux is pre-dried for about 2 hours at about 70°C before processing.
Compatibility with other thermoplastics
Terlux should not be mixed with other thermoplastics; even small amounts of other plastics, including transparent ones, cause irreversible clouding.
Terlux may be reused as regrind if it has been processed as specified and has not been contaminated or thermally degraded. Since regrind has a larger surface area than pellets and therefore absorbs moisture more rapidly, it must be dried before being reused. Virgin pellets should always be used for parts which are subject to high quality requirements.
Terlux MABS can be processed on any commercially available injection molding machine.
Universal screws are highly suitable. Guide values for proven screw designs are as follows:
- Total length: 18-22 D (compression ratio 2-2.5)
- Feed section: 0.5 L
- Compression section: 0.3 L
- Metering section: 0.2 L
where D=screw diameter; L=total length.
Gate and mold design
It is generally possible to use any of the usual types of gating. Molds with hot-runner systems can also be used. Design guidelines for mold construction are given in VDE 2006.
Mold temperature control
Shrinkage and, to some extent, the thermal and mechanical properties of the part can be influenced via the mold temperature. Higher mold temperatures provide better weld line strength and lower internal stresses, and therefore also reduce warpage. Mold temperatures which have proven successful in practice are between 50 and 75°C.
Melt temperatures of 230-260°C give optimum transparency. Excessively high melt temperatures and long residence times may cause slight yellowing. The highest part transparency is achieved when the mold surface is highly polished.
Fig. 6 shows the flow behavior of Terlux 2802 TR and 2812 TR as a function of melt temperature and injection pressure using the spiral flow test. This test commonly approximates closely to practical experience with similar resins.
Injection moldings made from Terlux exhibit good mold release properties. Drafts of 0.5 to 1° are generally sufficient. For textured surfaces, the draft depends on the depth of the texture and should be greater than the values given.
The shrinkage of the part typically ranges from 0.4 to 0.7%. Post-shrinkage is negligible. Shrinkage not only depends on the type of material used, but also on the design of the part and the processing conditions.
Safety precautions during processing
No adverse health effects on processing personnel have been observed where processing of the products is carried out correctly and suitable ventilation is provided in production areas. Maximum allowable concentrations (MAC) must not be exceeded, and in Germany are 20 ml/m³ for styrene, 50 ml/m³ for methyl-methacrylate and 5 ml/m³ for methyl acrylate. Guideline levels in Germany for acrylonitrile and 1,3-butadiene are 3 ml/m³ and 5 ml/m³, respectively. Acrylonitrile and 1,3-butadiene are category C 2 carcinogenic substances for which carcinogenic activity is assumed as a result of tests carried out on animals. Experience has shown that when Terlux is processed correctly with appropriate ventilation the levels are far below the limits mentioned above. Further information is given in our Terlux 2802 TR and Terlux 2812 TR safety data sheets.
Terlux and the environment
Under German regulations MABS is classified as polystyrene waste. Solid plastic wastes of this type are exempt from the monitoring which applies to other types of waste, and normally it can be landfilled (cf. Terlux safety data sheets). Terlux wastes are inert in landfills. In Germany Terlux is classified as water hazard class 0. Subject to official regulations, Terlux may also be incinerated in a suitable incinerator, e.g. a domestic waste incinerator. The calorific value of Terlux is about 10 kWh/kg, about 70% higher than that of wood. Complete combustion yields carbon dioxide, water and nitrogen, which oxidizes to a limited extent to yield nitrogen oxides.
Wastes, whether melt or used parts, consisting solely of Terlux can be recovered, i.e. can be fed back to the process as regrind (cf. Reprocessing, above). Depending on the age and wear of the used parts to be recycled, certain properties may have changed. It is therefore important to check whether the recycled material is suitable for the intended application.
Safety Data Sheet